Wine history

the wine from antiquity to the present day

ArcimboldoThe history of wine is a bit history of humanity. It is difficult to trace precisely the course: every civilization, every empire, every political events and of power had their own stories of wine, related to the events themselves, which outlined the course of history.

in ancient times
Takes its first steps in the East, in the cradle of civilization. The Egyptians were masters of winemaking techniques, carefully kept notes of all stages of the production process, from the vineyard to work in conservation. Witness the hieroglyphs representing in great detail how they produced the wine of the pharaohs. Through the Greeks and Phoenicians wine came in Europe and at that time it spread in lands as Italy, France and Spain which would become the homeland.

during the Roman Empire
Among the Romans the vinification became very important and the initial detachment turned into great love to the point that Bacchus was included among the gods, and they became promoters of the spread of viticulture in all provinces of the Empire, up to northern Europe . The most famous writers do not hold ink to bestow their own judgments and extolling the virtues of their wines to more welcome. It was from the second century that began to give importance to growing grapes in Burgundy, the Loire and Champagne. The techniques vitivinicole knew in those centuries development, the Romans began to use wooden barrels and glass bottles, introducing and emphasizing the concept of “vintage” and “aging”. It is wrote so much about wine that is not difficult to construct a wine map of the peninsula at the time of the Caesars. The decline of the Roman Empire also marks the beginning of a dark period for the wine, charged with bringing intoxication and ephemeral pleasure.

in the Middle Ages
In the dark Middle Ages the power of the Church had a great influence on the development of viticulture, as well as on the development of social and artistic life. The wine was synonymous with wealth and prestige and excel in quality production for some ecclesiastical orders became almost a way of life.

Abbey of Dom PerignonThe Benedictines, spread throughout Europe, were famous for their wine and for the consumer that did not quite moderate. When Bernard, ex Monaco Benedictine, founded in 1112 the Order of Cistercians, was given further impetus to the effort to produce high quality wines, especially in Burgundy, goal also fueled by strong competition between the abbeys. Meanwhile, Bordeaux is a story in itself, is not dominated by the ecclesiastical power but by commercial interests with England. This bond wine between France and England is going to last in the centuries. One begins to delineate in these centuries the central role of France in the production of great wines, a role that only in recent decades has begun to know worthy antagonist Italy.

from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century
The Renaissance produced a literature that evaluates to the wine its lead role of Western culture. The evolution of glass made it easier for the realization of bottles and the discovery of the cork made possible storage conditions.

Dom PerignonIt is honed the art of coopers and spread more bottles and corks. Way back in the seventeenth century in the Champagne region there was talk of a Benedictine monaco, Dom Perignon, famous for his almost obsessive perfectionism and for his extraordinary wine. Many do not know, however, that the objective of Dom Perignon was to get a still wine, but his efforts were frustrated by a climate and soil that were fermented the wine in the bottles making sparkling. In the eighteenth century was consolidated a tendency to produce more intense wines and fermented long. Meanwhile the great Chateau of Bordeaux continued to produce fine wines for their best customers, the British.

the last centuries
The nineteenth century has lived the greatest euphoria vitivinicola. The national economy of many countries was based on the production of wine, however, towards the end of the century, European vineyards strikes on the scourge of phylloxera, destroying or damaging them severely, forcing Europe to start from zero. The New World has had the ability to learn quickly and achieve extraordinary results in a short time.