Provence

Provence’s first vineyards
Beginning in the 2nd century B.C., the Romans began settling the lands of the Ligurians, colonized four centuries earlier by the Phocaeans. They developed the first vineyards in the region and founded Provincia Romana (Provence). It was in these days that the military port of Fréjus was founded, along with the Forum Julii and the city of Aquae Sextiae (Aix-en-Provence). As the Roman Empire expanded, so did the growing number of vineyards in the conquered lands, including other regions of Gaul: the Rhone Valley, Beaujolais, Burgundy, Gascony and Bordeaux.

Salle a manger en Provence    Provenza Bonnieux The influence of monks and the nobility
After the fall of the Roman Empire, only in the Middle Ages once again the vineyards began to flourish in Provence, this time under the influence of the great monastic orders. From the 5th to the 12th century, the abbey of Saint-Victor in Marseille, Saint-Honorat on the Lérins islands off the coast of Cannes, Saint-Pons in Nice, and Thorodet in Provence produced wine not only for the consumption of monks or for use during masses. These wines were carefully sold to fill the coffers of the monastic institutions. Beginning in the 14th century, the most important noble families and senior officers of the royal army would acquire many vineyards in Provence, laying the foundations for the modern wine production in the region.

Cellars    Enoteca     Carta geografica dei vignaioli in Provenza
Côtes de Provence
Located between the Mediterranean and the Alps, Provence’s vineyards extend West to East over approximately 200 kms (120 miles), primarily in the French departments of the Var, Bouches-du-Rhône and, to a lesser extent, in the Alpes-Maritimes. There are three main appellations in the region (representing 96% of the volume of wines with Provence appellations):

Le Baussant rouge    Les Aromes Aubagne
The Côtes de Provence Appellation, the specific denominations of the Côtes de Provence Sainte-Victoire, Côtes de Provence Fréjus and Côtes de Provence La Londe “terroirs”, the Coteaux d’Aix-En-Provence and The Coteaux Varois En Provence.
Provence represents 6% of French AOC production for all types of wines. Provence is France’s largest producer of AOC rosé wines, representing 40% of domestic production and 5,6% of the world’s total Rosé Wine production. Provence is recognized historically as a producer of Rosé Wines that are pale, fruity and full bodied. But the region’s wineries also produce reds that are no less remarkable – powerful and structured wines that can be aged several years – and delicate whites known for their lightness and subtlety.

Luxe à Boire Collections: Château de Plaissis great wines of Provence

Le Baussant Rouge             Le Baussant Rouge              Le Baussant Rosé        Le Baussant Rosè

 

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